CSU ext

Leptospirosis  is a worldwide zoonotic disease of domestic and wild animals caused by   a spirochete bacteria of the genus Leptospira . Commonly called ‘Lepto’, this disease may produce mild or severe disease in domestic animals and people.

How is it transmitted?  Contact with urine (or other body fluids), from infected animals, or water and soil contaminated with Leptospira organisms. The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth), especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking water or eating food contaminated with urine from infected animals is a common source of infection for animals and humans.

cow urine

What are the signs in animals?  Leptospirosis may be asymptomatic or cause fever, icterus/jaundice, red colored urine, kidney failure, infertility, abortion, and death. If the animal does not die, the Leptospira organisms will localize in the kidneys and is passed in the urine.

What are the symptoms in humans? Flu-like symptoms; fever, headache,myalgia or soreness, rash, ocular pain, and malaise.

More information at Merck Vet Manual: