CSU ext

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of cattle, sheep, goats, llamas, alpacas and pigs. It also affects deer, elk and antelope. It does not affect horses.

Foot and Mouth disease is a disease that must be reported immediately to veterinary authorities.

How is it transmitted?  FMD viruses can be spread by animals, people, or materials that bring the virus into physical contact with susceptible animals. Foot and Mouth disease is a foreign animal disease. Due to the severe impact it can have on the livestock industry and national economy it is extremely important to recognize its symptoms so that the disease can be rapidly diagnosed and eradicated.

cow drool
Excessive salivation is a common sign of FMD

What are the signs in animals?  The disease is characterized by fever and blister-like lesions (vesicles) followed by erosions on the tongue,lips, and gums, on the teats, and between the hooves. Excessive salivation and severe lameness are typical.
Any livestock species that is salivating and is lame should be isolated and immediately evaluated by a veterinarian to confirm the animal's signs of FMD and appropriate measures are taken to report the disease to the State and federal officials.
Sheep and goats often only show mild lesions as compared to cattle and pigs. Sheep FMD lesions may be mistaken for sore mouth, if in doubt consult your veterinarian.



tounge FMD lesions
Erosions on a tounge of an animal with FMD
pig snout mouth lesion foot with lesion
Pig snout with lesion from FMD. Cattle mouth with lesion and foot with lesion from FMD.
More information at Merck Vet Manual:
http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/51000.htm&word=Foot%2cand%2cmouth%2cdisease